Antimony «Personality and Society» and Ways of its Considerable Overcoming
Walerij Amelin (Orel, Russia) [BIO]
The problem of transition to a personality-oriented civil society is intimately associated with the antinomy “personality <––> society”. It is of use to apply to the heredity of Russian cosmists for outlining the essence of this contradiction and revealing the ways of its considerable overcoming. The study of N. Berdiaev’s, S. Bulgakov’s, and S. Frank’s works has pointed to the fact, that human being was considered by them as a mono-dual or two-natured creature, which appeared as the result of interaction of the nature of our planet and the cosmos.
The ties between society, which was named by Berdiaev as a phenomenological formation, and cosmos, which was interpreted as noumenon by the Russian thinker, have been considered. In this regard various interrelated aspects of the antinomy “personality <––> society”, that were induced by the inner and outer factors, are analyzed. The inner factor includes a mono-dual nature of a human, who is a super-complex non-linear and simultaneously material-ideal (mental) spiritual formation consisted of the interrelated physical, biological and symbolic systems. The latter is a personality that connects a human with the cosmos. The outer factor is represented by such social institutions, as economy, society, state, etc., which do take into account the essence of human nature.
It is shown that the being and development of post-industrial civilization and economy of service are the conditions of minimizing the impact of this antinomy. The ways of its considerable overcoming are analyzed.