Personality Oriented Civil Society as a Viable System
Vladimir Andreev (Orel, Russia) [BIO]
Civil society is considered as a viable system, characterized by such features as self-organization, self-management, self-regeneration, self-re-interpretation, and self-maintenance, which provide a stable dynamic development. The system of these features is in correspondence with the essential nature of Homo. Therefore civil society can transit into personality oriented one, if stimulation of spiritual, mental, and body potential is its main goal.
The effort is being undertaken to use S. Beer’s renovated model of viable systems (VSM) for
1. diagnostics of civil society state;
2. elaboration of structures, needed for its viability provision.
VSM isomorphically includes five subsystems. Subsystem 5 deals with building up the mission, which is directed at reflexive cognition of society’s predestination. It takes into account, as far as it is possible, the peculiarities of people, natural conditions of country, etc. Subsystem 4 is aimed at
– foreseeing and forecasting evolution of society and
– programs production for its betterment and development.
The goal of subsystem 3 consists in monitoring of spiritual and social-economic state of society and in devising proposals concerning the management of processes, which proceed in it. Subsystem 2 coordinates the activities of societal organizations and institutions. Subsystem 1 includes self-manageable societal structures that are formed by humans.
The new variant of VSM points out to the necessity of organizing vertical and horizontal ties in viable personality civil society.
The state of civil society in developed countries and Russia on the basis of the conceptual model is analyzed. Some proposals concerning structural organization of Russian civil society are formulated.