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Urbanized peasants in the Italian literature: Calandrino and Marcovaldo, two characters, one archetype from Middle Age until the 20th century
Antonio Donato Sciacovelli [BIO]
It is possible to give a marked definition of the Italian literary tradition while following the line of the city-civilization, having the supremacy of the academic (university- or court-oriented) intellectuality on the “looser” experience of the country-side. In the rich context of the Renaissance, we remark the opposition between the conceptions of epos on the one hand in the works of Teofilo Folengo, and on the other hand in the works of Boiardo or Ariosto. One of the most important topics related to the connections with the sociological rules in a long period (XIV-XX century) could be the representation of the urbanized peasant, canonized in the archetype of Calandrino (Giovanni Boccaccio, Decameron), the literary ancestor of Marcovaldo (Italo Calvino, Marcovaldo).