Dialogue as paradigm of thinking in the XXI century
Urmanbetova Jyldyz (Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University and Kyrgyz-Turkish University, Bishkek - Kyrgyz Republic) [BIO]
The end of 20th century is marked by global socio-cultural explosion, which brought destructions and crisis of social development. Along with this history developed a chance to Central Asia for reconstruction, discovery of itself in the époque of world contemporary civilization. There occurred a splash in self-perception and there occurred new developments on the specificity of Central Asia, based on ethnological and historical sources data. The main accent in researches is posed on specificity of traditional system of thinking which determined originality of mentality.
Definite characteristics of traditional system of nomadic thinking determine particular mentality of Central Asian representatives. Comparing with the history of development of East and West, Central Asia in its unique history experienced periods of disunity, because the tradition of nomadic culture had not been preserved primordially. This fact testifies that the characteristics of Central Asian thinking archetype preserved on sub-consciousness level. This reflects in the structure of many national cultures of contemporary Central Asia, ascending to Old Turkic tribes of the center of Asia. Traditional worldview evinces an archetype of thinking from where Central Asian culture descends.
Peculiarities of Central Asian historical development had conditioned drastic change of thinking paradigms:
- Change of nomadic way of life to settled preconditioned significant change in the sphere of cultural existence. This is internal culture crisis that caused the shift of the whole cultural system.
- Living in socialistic époque along with positive moments reflected the fact of socio-cultural isolation and subordination in definition of personal existence guidelines. National thinking stereotype exceptionally came to external display of peculiarity. It didn’t affect internal integrity and adequacy. Nomadic consciousness’ archetype was preserved on sub-consciousness level.
- After proclaiming of sovereignty by many of Central Asian republics. The process of traditional culture reorientation on the universal values stereotypes had started. The process of modernization of cultural basics has got an image of westernization, when innovations are not interiorized. Splash of national self-consciousness happens. An interest to Central Asian thinking archetype.