The Unifying Aspects of Cultures


Civilisation and Culture

Chair of the section/Suggestions, Abstracts, Papers to:
Email: Penka Angelova (Rousse/Rustschuk)

ABSTRACT: On the basis of Popper's "Three-World Theory," in which the Third World is seen as the world of human products, including the products of the human mind, and on the basis, that the human being is born as a half-finished product and is further formed by this Third World, it is assumed that this formation takes place in the field of tension of different cultures and sub-cultures, that these cultures, however, come together on a higher level in continental civilizations. The points of contact of the individual cultures within a civilization are caused by the historical processes and by common developments. The primary question is about the way in which the culture and civilization influence and determine the individual cultures in fact and in theory.

As the starting point for this section, the term civilization will be understood as a form of organization of citizens and their culture, which encompasses the material as well as the social and mental spheres. Civilization is to be considered in a historical perspective as the development of the material (including cultural memory), of the social (people in groups) and of the mental organization (philosophical Anthropology) as well as the result of this development. These are the three pillars of every civilization, and the different civilizations can be treated according to their contents and the formal determinations shaping their development. Humanity, with its possibility to think and to change its environment, created civilization, which for its part retrospectively influences the first and second world - people and their consciousness.

What is Eurocivilization or European civilization? How does it differ from the other civilizations. What common historical processes have shaped this civilization, and how does it develop now in the field of tension between the diversities of the individual old cultures, on the one hand, and the processes of globalization, on the other. How will the tensions between the narcissisms of cultures, Eurocentrism and globalism be resolved? We are looking for theories and vocabularies for the process of European integration, for dangers and challenges.