TRANS Internet-Zeitschrift für Kulturwissenschaften 17. Nr. Juni 2010

Sektion 6.2. Issues of labor migration in East Europe and post-Soviet Central Asia
Sektionsleiterin | Section Chair: Dinora Azimova (UWED, Uzbekistan)

Dokumentation | Documentation | Documentation

Section report 6.2.

Issues of labor migration in East Europe and post-Soviet Central Asia

Dinora Azimova (UWED, Uzbekistan) [BIO]



The session, devoted to issues of labor migration in the East Europe and Post-Soviet Central Asia, discussed and revealed variable aspects of migratory processes: from the basic tendencies on a global labour market up to the regional features of legal regulations in this sphere.

In result of session discussion, participants came to the following conclusions:

  1. Common features which stipulated labor migration in the investigated macro-regions are redundancy of labour resources and non-capacious national labor markets in the sending countries;
  2. Comparative analysis has shown labor migration from East Europe has higher qualitative indicators of living standards on the native land, which influence the expectations of migrants and their requirements to job conditions in the host countries;
  3. Those migrants directed from the countries with higher living standards obtain better position in the host states;
  4. The governments of those regions do not coordinate their efforts for elaboration of the general strategy to react adequately on processes of labor migration;
  5. Practically there are no bilateral agreements and obligations between spontaneous partners of labor migration process, and that connected with slowed down reaction of the governments, uncertainty in understanding of positive and negative sequences for each of the parties. It is also related to syndrome of "late reaction“;
  6. At the national level there is no mechanism of consultations, information interchange, and institutionalization of partnership in sphere of migration;
  7. Transfer of power on recruiting qualified and trained migrants should be given to specialized non-state agencies that will be responsible for selecting those migrants, leading and addressed prepared migrants to certain destination;
  8. Regulation of Central Asia labor migration at the state level either is not launched yet, or it covers only the 100-th share of processes occurring/ongoing in this field;
  9. Apparently, the official policy in the receiving states in sphere of labor migration cannot be expressed clearly due to inadequate perception that is especially characterized for radically adjusted citizens in the host countries;
  10. Institutes of a civil society should incur adjusting function, protecting the rights of migrants, and leaning thus on support of the international institutes;
  11. The migratory policy until now does not mention issue of multiculturalism, preservation of links and keeping migrants’ liaisons with own culture. In fact, it is not possible to speak about reverse migration and "smooth adaptation" to the rapidly changed environment and circumstances on the motherland without such kind of feedback;
  12. Climate changes influenced the conditions of a life in both investigated regions. They are especially visible in Central Asia where labour migration might increase due to intolerable conditions caused by global warming;
  13. Climate type migrations will be bound with the economic ones. Management and adjustment of those complicating ecologic and social processes will be much more complex, than in its pure estate;
  14. In conclusion, the given session analyzed issue of creation favorable climate and elaboration policy of states toward and migrants’ remittances. Volume of those is comparable to volume of the foreign investments attracting to the countries;
  15. The governments may develop strategy of most favorable treatment, initiating greater projects addressed towards remittances. Migrants might have preferences being the main shareholders or electing representatives in the managerial board of those projects.   The most interesting for them might be those projects which will be realized on the migrant „little native land", i.e. where the extended family lives. Different variables of such strategy development towards transactions, possibility of creation of joint ventures between the country where migrants work and the own state were under the session consideration.

6.2. Issues of labor migration in East Europe and post-Soviet Central Asia

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TRANS   Inhalt | Table of Contents | Contenu  17 Nr.

For quotation purposes:
Dinora Azimova: Section report 6.2.: Issues of labor migration in East Europe and post-Soviet Central Asia - In: TRANS. Internet-Zeitschrift für Kulturwissenschaften. No. 17/2008. WWW:

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